Skin exposure to chemicals and the causes and occurrence of occupational skin disease are serious workplace health issues that have a large economic impact on the Australian economy each year, according to Safe Work Australia Chair, Tom Phillips.
“At a total economic cost of over $33 million dollars annually, occupational contact dermatitis is a preventable disease if the proper work health and safety systems are in place,” he said.
Two Safe Work Australia research reports on occupational skin disease – the second most common work-related disease presented to general practitioners in Australia – found that 75 per cent of patients referred to the dermatology clinic had been diagnosed with occupational contact dermatitis.
Workers most at risk of being diagnosed with occupational skin disease are those exposed to chemicals or wet work in their day to day jobs. These include trades people, labourers, healthcare workers, hair and beauty workers and food handlers.
The main industries impacted by occupational skin disease are health and community services, accommodation, cafes and restaurants, construction, agriculture, forestry and fishing.
“Some of these industries have been identified as priority areas for chemical and hazard exposure prevention under the new work health and safety strategy that is due to be released in the second half of 2012,” said Phillips.
Wet work, detergents, disinfectants, solvents, bases and alkalis, fuels, rubber accelerators and potassium dichromate in leather and cement are thought to be some of the main causes of occupational skin diseases.
The reports also found that 37 percent of the workers surveyed had skin contact with chemicals in the workplace.
Phillips said it is concerning that the report found that smaller workplaces were less likely than large workplaces to provide controls for dermal chemical exposure.
“Of the workers who reported exposure to chemicals, only 61 per cent said they had received chemical safety training,” he said.
“This is a clear message that work health and safety training needs to be integrated in every workplace in Australia no matter how big or small and include how to properly handle chemicals and hazardous substances.”